The space that your dining table inhabits should have a natural impact on the chairs you choose. For example, if you have a tall table in a contemporary kitchen area, you might prefer some tall bar stools, to give a breakfast bar look. Whereas, if your table is in an open-plan room, you'll want chairs that align with your sofa choice and other decorative touches!
The style of table you have selected will directly impact on which chairs will work. For example, you'll often find that circular tables can accommodate far wider seats and even high backs will work well, wheres more angular designs often require compact chairs, as they'll have legs to contend with.